Spinal Stenosis

Lumbar spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the central canal of the spinal column that affects approximately 8-11% of individuals in the United States.  The most common cause is degenerative


Radiculopathy refers to any condition that affects the nerve roots as they leave the spine. The most common cause of radiculopathy is compression which results in inflammation of the nerve

Herniated Disc

A lumbar herniated disc occurs when the material inside of the disc (nucleus pulposus) protrudes out of the outer fibrous layers of the disc (annulus fibrosus). This can occur from